From Afghanistan to Syria, Iraq… How much mess the United States has left the world

Editor’s note: For the past 20 years, Bagram Air Force Base has been the “pillar” of US military operations in Afghanistan. Its dual runways have been used for airstrikes, return trips, medical evacuation, and parcel delivery. In recent days, the US military quietly withdrew from this base overnight, but it has become the headline of many international media. “The new ‘user’ of the Bagram base is the Afghan security forces. They will inherit the conflicts created by the United States and military equipment that represents the cruelty of war and Afghanistan’s uncertain future.” The New York Times described it. The Americans who were unable to establish peace in Afghanistan decided to withdraw all before September 11 this year. During their retreat, the deteriorating security situation in Afghanistan is always reminding people that the American failure strategy has brought this country to this country in the past 20 years. How much suffering. Over the years, the United States has repeatedly exported unrest, and the victimized countries are not only Afghanistan, but also Syria, Iraq, Libya, and other countries. This self-proclaimed “moral benchmark” is the world’s largest power, and it is an important source of turmoil, chaos, and terrorist activities in many countries.

   “Every day I carry my bag and go out, I am prepared to never go home again”

   As news of the Taliban’s seizure of turf keeps coming, whether Kabul will “fall” has become one of the topics of concern in international public opinion. “Under the governance of the Afghan government, Kabul is in order. Like many people, I am very confident that government forces can hold the city.” Aref, who lives in Kabul, told the Global Times reporter that the central city was assembled. In fact, these troops are also “unrequited” because “behind them are their own family members.”

“Of course, if the Taliban initiates a siege operation, Kabul will suffer a serious humanitarian crisis,” Aref told reporters. “A few days ago, the Taliban destroyed the main transmission line, and the entire city entered a state of power rationing on a large scale. The days have become very long. Although the government only took three days to restore the normal supply of electricity, there are still many people hoarding water, food, and gasoline to prepare for the possible siege.”

"May 1st" Labor Day Parade in Los Angeles, The United States.

According to a report by Bloomberg News on the 6th, the Taliban currently control about half of the 400 areas in Afghanistan, 130 of which have been seized since April.

   In the last week of June, Pakistani journalist Shakir (pseudonym) came to an area in northern Afghanistan that the Taliban claimed had “occupied”. In a village, the locals spontaneously formed a militia group, and each family was equipped with guns, and they were ready to defend the village with arms. Shakir told the Global Times reporter that although the Taliban have conquered some military positions and forced the government to give up control over related areas, there is still a long way to go between this “occupation” and actual control. The area where he is located is full of armed forces and there are many factions within the Taliban. Therefore, the local residents are very confused after the withdrawal of the government forces. They currently decide to remain cautious and not inclined to any side, relying on their own strength to defend their own interests. “The villagers are using themselves as a bet to make big gains,” Shakir lamented to the reporter. “In other words, even if armed forces occupy the village, they may only get a piece of scorched earth.”

   In April of this year, CNN reporter Walsh visited Musakara in Helmand Province, southern Afghanistan. Since the U.S. military left in 2016, the Taliban have gradually taken over the area. In Walsh’s narrative, Mousakala’s laws, taxation, and security are all operating in a more primitive way: case and dispute resolution are handled by the Taliban-appointed sheriff, but the basis for the decision is vague; taxation remains acceptable to people People are not so worried about terrorist attacks, but sometimes they have to bribe garrisoned soldiers to avoid embarrassment. Many young people in Musakara have been recruited into the Taliban.

  Walsh believes that the Taliban’s rule over the region may be difficult to sustain peacefully because it cannot bring economic growth and create jobs for the local area. However, the Taliban, who are good at propagating through social media, provide a completely different narrative. They showed well-ordered towns, well-disciplined troops, and clear and clean classrooms. Due to different narratives, the local people’s perception of the Taliban is confused, and the fact that there are many factions within the organization has also deepened Afghans’ doubts about whether they can effectively advance peace negotiations.

“The U.S. withdrawal left behind a fragmented Afghanistan. Neither the government nor the Taliban has the ability to control the overall situation in Afghanistan.” Hassan (a pseudonym) who works for an international organization in Kabul told the Global Times reporter bluntly, facing this. In reality, it is difficult for him to expect peace. However, he said that after years of war and chaos, the Afghan people have expected any future possibilities. “Every day I carry my bag and go out, I am prepared to never return home. Sad moments are inevitable, but People always have a way to live in their own way, and the Afghan people have long learned to be strong.”

   Like many residents living in Kabul, Hassan has contacted relatives living in rural areas. If the war spreads to Kabul, he will choose to seek refuge in the countryside. At the same time, Hassan is also applying for foreign visas for himself and his family, “Afghanistan is my home country, but now I want to leave it more.”

The Americans evacuated, “not even thinking about saving face”

Michael Hersh, a senior reporter for the US “Foreign Policy” magazine, told about his visit to Afghanistan in January 2002, saying, “In just a few weeks, the only superpower in the world bombed the Islamic occupiers of Afghanistan. Have to flee around. The B-52 bomber dropped a large number of laser-targeted bombs, but the Taliban did not know where they came from.” Today, the international media also used the word “escape” when describing the US military’s posture to withdraw from its Bagram Air Force Base, Afghanistan’s largest military base, last Friday. The Russian Federation News Agency reported on the 4th that when the Americans realized that they could not control the deterioration of the situation in Afghanistan, they made the decision to flee, “not even thinking about saving face.”

   According to the Associated Press, the U.S. military quietly left Bagram Air Base at night, and the Afghan commander did not find out until two hours later. Russia’s Vesti TV station said that even the US allies don’t know when the last US military transport plane will take off.

   The United States did this largely out of security considerations, but US media said that this made the Afghan soldiers stationed at the base very dissatisfied. According to reports, less than 20 minutes after the US military quietly withdrew that night, the power system was cut off and the base was plunged into darkness. Afghan soldier Rauf said that the sudden darkness was like a signal to the looters. They entered the base from the north, broke through the barrier, and started looting the barracks. Three days later, on July 5, Afghan soldiers were still busy cleaning up the piles of garbage in the base.

   An Afghan military officer said that when the U.S. military evacuated the Bagram base, about 3.5 million items were left behind, including tens of thousands of bottled water, energy drinks, and MRE individual food. High-value items included thousands of civilian vehicles (many of which did not have a start key) and hundreds of armored vehicles, as well as small arms and ammunition, but the US military took away heavy weapons.

“Afghanistan Times” editor-in-chief Mansour Faiz told the “Global Times” reporter that the US military presence in Afghanistan is a “temporary fortress” against extremism. However, it has never intended to completely eliminate terrorism and strengthen democracy. And governance.

“The country is still in conflict, and the Afghan people are experiencing tremendous suffering,” “Russia Today” quoted former Afghan President Karzai as saying on the 2nd, “How did the actions of the United States and NATO lead to this situation? Those 20 years Those who came here under the banner of combating extremism and terrorism not only failed to end all this but also allowed extremism to become more rampant during this period. This is what I call failure. “Russian “Eurasia Daily” “The Afghans have become accustomed to facing the “war of everyone against everyone” during these 20 years. There are more than 20 extremist organizations operating in the country. They are fighting with the government and they are also fighting with each other. The socio-economic problems in Afghanistan have not been resolved. A considerable number of people still rely on poppy cultivation for their livelihoods.

  In Karzai’s view, it is time for the United States and NATO to leave, but whether they can leave responsibly is another question. These people should have ensured peace in Afghanistan, but they did not do so.

“No U.S. leader will be held responsible for his crimes against humanity”

   “The United States smashed Afghanistan and then walked away.” Hong Kong’s “South China Morning Post” columnist Alex Law wrote that the United States’ “war on terrorism” has become a series of “crimes against humanity.” In the future, American experts will endlessly analyze the similarities and differences between the Afghanistan War and the Vietnam War, which are the longest and second-longest wars in the United States, respectively.

   According to the South China Morning Post, since the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan began collecting data in 2009, at least 110,000 Afghan civilian casualties have been recorded, including 35,500 deaths. According to a report by Turkey’s Anna Dulu News Agency, the death toll of Afghan civilians was 47,600.

   Afghanistan is only part of what the United States calls the “war on terrorism.” A research report by the non-profit advocacy organization One Project stated that the war launched by the United States after September 11 has forced at least 37 million people living in or from Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia, the Philippines, Libya, and Syria. Displaced people. Except for World War II, this number exceeds the total number of people displaced in every war since 1900. The cost of war project conducted by Brown University in the United States found that at least 800,000 people died directly in the violence of war in Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Yemen, and Pakistan.

“In 1990, the U.S. military sent combat troops to the Middle East to prevent Saddam from occupying Saudi oil fields… Thirty years have passed. After two major wars, the U.S. military is still there and has no specific plan to leave. The United States has been involved in a wrong war in Iraq that should not have been fought,” said the U.S. Military News Network.

   In April 2003, the U.S. forces that launched the Iraq War entered the center of Baghdad. An article by Al Jazeera TV in Qatar described the situation in Iraq 18 years ago: After about three weeks of violent bombing and asymmetrical fighting, the country began to fall into a vicious circle of chaos and destructive activities. The psychological damage suffered by the Iraqis is immeasurable. The National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) reported that estimated data showed that the Iraq War resulted in 200,000 civilian deaths.

  According to the US “Washington Post”, in 2011, then US President Barack Obama withdrew most of the US troops from Iraq, but starting in 2014, he redeployed some troops to fight the Islamic State (IS). Last year, Iraq asked the United States to send a delegation to discuss the withdrawal mechanism. In response, the U.S. State Department stated that they are ready to renew their commitment to promoting a “strategic partnership with Iraq, rather than discussing the issue of withdrawal.”

Qatar Al Jazeera quoted political analyst Baha Khalil as saying, “Before the (US military) invasion, Iraq was a country, but after the invasion, even after the withdrawal of US troops in 2011, Iraq was no longer a real country. s country”. He mentioned that many areas of the country have been severely affected, including the economy, health, education, and the environment. Some countries are also interfering in Iraq’s affairs. Khalil said that the security, economy, and political situation of the entire Middle East region have been affected by the US invasion of Iraq, let alone the internal situation in Iraq.

  Iraq’s neighboring country, Syria, is also a victim of the US “export unrest.” The BBC quoted data from the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights as saying that as of December 2020, the Syrian war had killed 387,000 people, of which 116,000 were civilians. What’s more terrifying is that the data of 205,000 missing persons were not counted. “The Syrian civil war is the most dangerous and destructive crisis on the planet.” “World News Syndicate,” said that since 2011, the United States has played a key role in the Syrian conflict, including providing funds, equipment, and training to multiple parties. , And abet. Washington’s attempt to overthrow Bashar was not to protect the Syrian people, but a proxy war against Iran and Russia.

   The Brookings Institution website published an article in January this year that the current US policy towards Syria is mainly isolation and sanctions. This has deepened and prolonged the suffering of ordinary Syrians, destroyed the country’s middle class, and contributed to war violence. However, these measures did not weaken the key support of Bashar’s core voters.

   The Atlantic Monthly reported that Washington had “overthrew” the so-called “dictatorship” three times in a decade, but it failed to bring stability to the relevant countries after the war. These three times refer to what happened in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Libya. The National Broadcasting Corporation said that since the fall of Gaddafi in 2011, the situation in Libya has been in a downward spiral of division. Tripoli has a government recognized by the United Nations, and there are opposition factions supported by external forces in the east.

An article in the Russian “Eurasia Daily” in March this year commented that the United States has cooperated with militants in Afghanistan, Iraq, Sudan, Libya, Syria, and Yemen to interfere in the internal affairs of these countries, causing the relevant regions to become turbulent and terrorists. Active place. In fact, wherever the so-called democracy promoted by the Americans goes, conflicts, chaos, and terrorism will appear wherever they are.

   The South China Morning Post stated that the 20-year war in Afghanistan did not achieve any goals that the US leaders intended to achieve. It only triggered unimaginable bloodshed and paid a price of approximately US$6.4 trillion. The war on terrorism in the Middle East also failed to achieve the goals of the United States but created more turbulence in an already turbulent region. “We cannot predict what will happen to these relatively poor countries, but we know that no American leader will be held responsible for their crimes against humanity.”

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